Yes, it is sad that his hocoka has been abused for so long. I have actually never met Elmer or Norbert, but have spoken to Norman when Elmer gave him the hocoka as Gilly has been a disappointment and has taken to using pajee for ceremony. I sat with Gilly over ten years ago, and watched him play Indian for the wasicupi win sitting at his feet, and smoke his brains out with pajee. I have heard that when Elmer passed the hocoka to Norman, the next Sun Dance was destroyed by the Wakinyan and the Winds. Yes, his dream of a hocoka for all people has been abused and desecrated. And yes, he was considered to be a legitimate wicasa wakan by most people back home on the Rez. But most Lakhota were and are angry at him for sharing the sacred ceremonies with people that he did not personally know and trusted people that were false and led him astray. And they were neither Indigenous, whole or part, and they tried to bring their medicine and mix it with his medicine. I personally believe that he is paying the price for trusting the wasicupi and giving selflessly to all people. But he is also human and is not some nuage guru, and makes mistakes and is paying for them.
Since I am mixed-blood, I am cautious about ceremony, with whom I sweat, with whom I pray. It is hard enough to be accepted by my Indigenous brothers and sisters, so I always am quiet, work on my humility, not "chase the medicine". I work in our urban Indigenous community out here in the Bay Area, and plan to return home to South Dakota after my internship. Let us all hope that Elmer can find peace and freedom from the culture vultures that have "destroyed" his hocoka and walk his Red Road with his real tiospaye and community.