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The good news is that Denton/Vega is much less active, far more people realizing what he is. He does have profiles on Linkedin and Instagram which can be flagged or reported. Claims to be living in Tanzania.
https://www.linkedin.com/in/aslan-la-vega-804163279/?originalSubdomain=tz

His blog is far less active, likely because of less interest. It's pretty amusing he accuses me of being a member of ISIS.  ::)
Less amusing his long and libelous attack on Arvol Looking Horse. Then he's foolish enough to quote the late white supremacist David Yeagley. James Swan is also smeared, but it seems as useless as his attempts to attack me. Seems Denton tried to invade Lakota land with his Rainbow cult and Swan shut that down.

A 2016 post has Denton's support for, no surprise, Donald Trump. Also Brexit conspiracy nonsense.

His 2022 post admits he faced charges of raping his 7 year old daughter, and goes on to claim a vast conspiracy by judges, his own defense attorney, his psychiatrist, his own minister, and of course a vast conspiracy of feminists. There also seem some to be some pretty obvious violent threats and plenty of evidence of dangerous mental instability.

I didn't change any spelling. How did this guy even finish high school? I left out his defamation of numerous people. I did bold his admission that she won a lawsuit against him for his crimes and many threats.

-----------
https://christianfaithunderfire.blogspot.com/2022/
On the 4th of February I was arrested for the alleged anal rape of my own 7 year old daughter(sic)....Erin Pizzey stated recently that militant feminism not only is ruining families, but has also taken over the refuges themselves. Women who are vulnerable and angry are brainwashed to make up stoires to get rid of their spouses.Check out www.erinpizzey.com ...heres what she says about domestic violence If we have any hope of tackling the tragic effects of domestic violence we have to face the facts that women can and are also guilty of violence against their partners. To concentrate only of women as victims is to deny the fact that children are also abused by their mothers. We can no longer afford to cover up the huge scandal that has existed for the last forty years where only men have been held up as perpetrators of all violence. Erin Pizzey....
why- because she bewitched the detective investigating... to pervert the course of justice and bring a malicious prosecution to court. It was a literally a stone cold hate campign. The officer even gave a photo of me joking about in the garden digging up a tree root with mates to try to give the wrong impression of "a monster on the loose"...some papers ran headlines like " the beast is caged!"- what rubbish!....
I have worked with kids and vulnerable people all over the world. Indeed , at the time I was supposed to have raped my wife...I was securing a shelter for 80 war and AIDS orphans in Uganda. As a result all that good work went to waste and those kids ended up on the street....
I of course had just spent one year preparing for 2007 and did not have any time or facilites to refute these new false allegations.
....As for the Innocent Project like the CCRC- a waste of time. Your only recourse is the European Court of Human Rights- but again 90% of the applicants dont get to first base. Its still has more moral authority than Britsh courts. The way that Human rights abuses by the British governemnt were minimised was by the implementation of a very long winded process that takes years and years. In other European countries it is easier to get to the ECHR. By doing this Lord Wolfe and co were able to lower the applications and show Britain wasnt that bad on human rights abuses. Also charities like Amnesty ,Human Rights Watch and Liberty do not want to "crap in their own backyard" by exposing the daily abuses of power in Britsh parastatal organisations. (another story)
....I am in the process of consulting with several solicitors about this because it is tantamount to hate speech- anything that incites violence. (wikipedia : hate speech in the UK-definition)-I was raped by the system...! Rape is more than a physical act of violence...it is a violation of ones integrity....
Her winnings in this case amounted to around £50 000 
....Having come from a legal backround- I studied law in South Africa, I was appalled at the incredibly poor state and quality of the solicitors and barristers practising. For me it went from bad to worse.... I spent one entire year every day studying Archibold, Blackwells and Taylors in the prison library- educating myself on British law. I had been tied up in a Gordian knot by the maleficants of injustice...but, for the sake of my children- I was determined to find a way to untie that knot. And I did. The trial was a farce; like a Faustian macabre theatre show. A rodeo of clowns.The prosecutor must have gone to drama school because the entire case was all about pschology not evidence and how to shock your audience into reducing your credibility... it was really like the inquisition. It had nothing to do with fact or truth or justice. And the judge was a complete incompetent booby.
....My horror story was surreal because one week before the trial I was poisoned!- I spent 3 days in quarantine....on top of this I was exhausted by the numerous drug addicts getting off heroin and alcoholics I had been doubled up with...not to mention the mentally challenged... I knew this was a ploy by the prison to wear me down and " prep" me for court... I was on edge and stressed out and refused any sleeping tablets. By the time I got to trial I found it difficult to control my thoughts and emotions. My medical records can all verify this... again evidence which my legal team failed to bring....
I got burned at the stake... Then on top of it all when I was convicted; all my family photos were taken off me, I was humiliated daily by some arrogant prison officers , bullied, shouted at...on suicide watch after I slashed my wrists, and could not even have a photo of my own child or write to her... I managed to get 3 cards in 4 years of my hell! I alleviated my pain by writing a Christmas Carol to my children every year that I was wrongfully imprisoned.( We performed them in the chapel)....
It was a chronic miscarriage of justice...it just went from one horror to another. I made an official complaint of sexism to the ombudsman. It was like pissing in the wind...because the entire panel were female...!!! I dont want to mention what the media did to me because that in itself is another story. The sick thing about all of this is: I still after having cleared my name- I still havent seen my children and my accuser is still walking free after pocketing thousands on my misery from the taxpayer...its supposed to be a recession...but not for the public sector...its PAYDAY-EVERY DAY!- this is all business...work... there are around 20-25% innocent people in prison with sex related offenses. The rot is so deep it will need a revolution to change it. Its no wonder kids rioted in London...
Is this justice? -I think not. There are not many organisations out there who help people falsely accused ...but there should be. It destroyed my life. I lost everything I owned and loved. It was a tsunami....I will try to forgive but I will never forget how the British Criminal Justice system "raped" me. I am a victim of a miscarriage of justice but I must somehow rebuild my reputation. What the public dont know is how serious it is. Being accused of a sex offense is worse than murder...its a life sentence...AND IT CAN HAPPEN TO ANYONE.... Its with you forever.You have to clear your name. YOU HAVE NO CHOICE...ITS LIKE GETTING A DEATH SENTECNCE - ONLY WORSE...! YOU DIE SLOWLY. You are tortured every day until you are able to prove you are innocent. It is worse than murder. Even when you come out the other side still breathing; you are scarred for life by the experience. It has cost me evrything that I had built up over the years. But it has taught me who your real friends and family are...I dont waste a single minute with time wasters anymore. I've cut them off. 
....I have earned half of a degree whilst in prison through Open University, wrote an autobiography entitled " Stitched Up!", a poetry anthology called " Poetry shall Prevail", learned drama, learned about graphic design, read many books( -I found Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler and " Steal this book - by Abbie Hoffman who shows how to make homemade bombs... all that in the prison library) -along with law books.....,I won the governors art prize in HMP Wandsworth in 2010 and met some interesting people...like Julian Assange, Ken Clarke and the Doorstep stalker- as well as many others who've been in the press. (Some of whom should probably be in prison -and some who should not!) - There are more innocent people in prison than we think or know about. Also human rights do not apply in many cases because thats how its always been. Many people turn " prison gay" because there is no access to women.
 I used prison and my anger as my muse to write good poetry. I wrote 3 plays - something I would never have done had I been a free man living a normal life.( "The Importance of Being Perfect!",I am Man...I am Messiah!( a parody of the crown court trial)and " Sun City" ( how to gain super powers in prison-about turning prisons from places of darkness into light).
.... I was accused of a rape that took place in October 2007 , was convicted of a rape that took place in oct 2007... sentenced AND PUNISHED for a rape that took place in Oct 2007. 
....THE FUTURE IS OURS! It belongs to the starchildren...the ones that shine even in hopeless darkness.Those that live in fear shall die in it.
....Requiem for a Victim When will the hunted become the hunter? When will the victim become the victor? ....…Until … suffering screams sympathy to the burning ground- Until oppressions orphans arise in London town… Until raindrops reap rainbows across the desert sky… Until the enemies of apathy resound the battlecry… And now comes the hour of my release… Is this another ruse of the Holocaust Police? Will vindication burst upon this dungeon of the deceased? Or will the dance of death be my only lasting peace? Does not the deep beckon unto the deep? ....Medication- medication-medication…
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Research Needed / Re: Lois Beardslee, Author & Artist
« Last post by cellophane on March 02, 2024, 09:09:09 pm »
Quote
Beardslee has been selling art for more than 20 years marketed as Ojibwe and Native American art

The Nortern Michigan Journal article ("Lois Beardslee, Daughter of the Earth") is ©1996. It is not linked to from the journal archive page for the 1996 issue, but it is linked to from an article in the Summer 1997 issue, so it seems to be indeed from 1996, and she was not new then to representing herself as an native American artist. So she's been doing this for at least about 30 years now.
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Research Needed / Re: Lois Beardslee, Author & Artist
« Last post by Advanced Smite on March 02, 2024, 07:05:18 pm »
Based on information found in interviews and articles, like the article quoted below, Lois Beardslee has been selling art for more than 20 years marketed as Ojibwe and Native American art:
Quote
She has been an artist for more than 20 years and has work in public and private collections worldwide.


Source: Lois Beardslee, Daughter of the Earth (The Northern Michigan Journal) – By Jim Rink
Direct Link: https://www.leelanau.com/nmj/views/earth_daughter.html
Archive Link: https://archive.ph/bm6hv

Lois Beardslee currently sells art through the Leelanau Historical Society classified as "Anishinaabek Arts."

Leelanau Historical Society - Anishinaabek Arts
Direct Link: https://leelanauhistory.square.site/shop/Anishinaabek-Arts/7?page=1&limit=30&sort_by=category_order&sort_order=asc

Below are links to three items that are/were available at the Leelanau Historical Society. All three were described as being made by a "Native American" or "Anishinaabek" artist. The birch bark prints and cards are referred to as "Ojibwa."

Birch Bark Cards by Lois Beardslee
Direct Link: https://leelanauhistory.square.site/product/birch-bark-cards-by-lois-beardsley/110
Archive Link: https://archive.ph/JjCxa
Quote
Native American author and artist, Lois Beardslee creates rare Ojibwa art forms, including birch bark cut outs, biting, quillwork, and sweet grass baskets, as well as paintings of traditional stories. Each card comes with an artist statement and is protected by a cellophane sleeve. Inside, the cards are blank ready for your personal message.

Sweet Grass Turtle Quillwork Baskets - By Lois Beardslee
Direct Link: https://leelanauhistory.square.site/product/Sweet-Grass-Turtle-Quillwork-Baskets/237?cp=true&sa=false&sbp=false&q=false&category_id=7
Archive Link: https://archive.ph/wip/Jau7t
Quote
Anishinaabek author and local Leelanau artist Lois Beardslee create these beautiful sweet grass baskets. Each basket has detailed porcupine quill imagery woven into birch bark lids. You have to smell them in person to experience the relaxing aroma. Each basket is one of a kind and signed by the artist.

Birch Bark Prints - Lois Beardslee
Direct Link: https://leelanauhistory.square.site/product/birch-bark-prints-lois-beardslee/49
Archive Link: https://archive.ph/O1FoO
Quote
Made by local Native American artist and author, Lois Beardslee. Each Ojibwa birch bark cut-out or biting are mounted and signed by the artist. Comes shrink wrapped.



Here is a link to report violations of the Indian Arts & Crafts Act to the U.S. Department of the Interior:

U.S. Department of the Interior – Indian Arts & Crafts Act, Report a Violation
https://www.doi.gov/iacb/should-i-report-potential-violation#no-back
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Research Needed / Re: Lois Beardslee, Author & Artist
« Last post by Advanced Smite on March 02, 2024, 06:44:23 pm »
A NAFPS user found a public profile on Ancestry.com that appears to belong to Lois Beardslee’s son ‘JB.’ I will only be using his initials and Ancestry.com user name in this post, not his full name, as there is no evidence that JB is falsely claiming Native American ancestry for profit or personal gain as an adult.

‘jakebeards’ Ancestry.com Profile:
https://www.ancestry.com/profile/05450528-0006-0000-0000-000000000000?compareToTestId=349E1ADE-C53E-441C-9E8F-D8948BC3DB2A

‘jakebeards’ joined Ancestry.com on November 27, 2017, and was last active on the site a week ago.

‘jakebeards’ has one public family tree titled “Beards Family Tree.” The tree confirms the accuracy of the genealogy in the previous post:
https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/tree/117773402?cfpid=300166331762&dtid=100

I’ve attached screenshots of the Ancestry.com profile and family tree to this NAFPS post.
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His latest:

https://awoosha.io/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/howtorewildtheplanet8.docx-1.pdf

You have to read this sh*t to really appreciate how illiterate and full of guff the man is.

Aside from being a rapist, he is a bore. He is convinced of his own worth but really he is just looking for followers to take advantage of. As long as he has somewhere free to stay and doesn't have to earn a living, he is fine. Ultimately, Paul (sorry Robin - er I mean Aslan) uses people. That is his modus operandi. And because he abuses his hospitality and is always involved in nefarious activities, he very quickly arouses suspicion and has to move on.
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Research Needed / Re: Lois Beardslee, Author & Artist
« Last post by Advanced Smite on March 01, 2024, 05:55:06 pm »
It is interesting how similar in tone Lois Beardslee's article "F'd by the Vagina Monologues" (see below) is to several pieces written by Kay LeClaire. I bolded text that seems especially outrageous knowing now that Lois Beardslee is Polish and Hungarian...not Ojibwe or Lacandon. She even claims to have been "Uncle Tommed" by the "white ladies of Northwest lower Michigan." Yikes.

Quote
F’d by the Vagina Monologues - By Lois Beardslee
Archive Link: https://web.archive.org/web/20140724134737/http://www.indiancountrynews.info/fullstory.cfm-ID=47.htm




I’ve been getting a lot of phone calls lately, from the ladies who’ve claimed ownership of the Traverse City contingent of the Vagina Monologues. They put on a show last year, featuring Eve Ensler’s celebrated work honoring women and their anatomy, interspersed with essays by local white women. Ensler’s essays include pieces in the voices of women of color as well, written not by women of color, but by Ensler herself.

The first phone call was from a woman asking me to try out for the part of the Native American woman who would be reading the Native American portion of Ensler’s monologues. It was put to me in such a way that I felt I was expected to prove I was good enough for the distinction of reading the words a white woman had written for me, a Native American woman.

Since I’ve probably had more experience with public speaking than most of the community leaders and staff at my local junior college and university center, it was an odd request, to my mind. And since I’ve probably written and published as much as Eve Ensler, it was an even weirder request.

I suggested to my caller that I might have as much to say about the sexual roles of Native women as Eve Ensler, because I, unlike Ensler, am a Native American woman, and – what a bonus! – I share my strong opinions on the topic through the written and spoken word.

Alas, it was not her job to consider giving me my own voice. She had merely been instructed to invite me to the “try-outs,” as though the ladies were putting on a high school play, and I were one of so many wistful young Native American maidens wringing my hands and hopeful for the part that Ensler, and subsequently my white neighbors, had determined it was appropriate for me to play.

It’s a phenomenon I encounter every day of my life. My friends and neighbors from the dominant culture expect me to live up to their stereotypes of a docile young Indian maiden, not unlike Pocahontas, or perhaps some young, sweet girl in a beaded headband and buckskin fringes who no doubt handed the deserving Pilgrims a basket full of venison tenderloins and wild blueberry corn muffins.

People often get downright huffy if I don’t act that way. So I didn’t join the nonexistent line of Native American women trying out for the part, even though she was a really nice lady.

The second call came from another really nice lady, younger than the first. She’d taken on the task of finding artwork for the back cover of the performance program and thought maybe Native American women could be represented by my contributing maybe the artwork and maybe a little poem for the cover, to show that maybe they had, like, you know, taken Native Americans into consideration.

Suggestions were made as to the nature of the new original piece of artwork I would be expected to create for this volunteer assignment. And so, being the teacher that I am, and having a receptive and intelligent audience, I began to explain why, why, why...

I cannot be Uncle Tom for the women of Traverse City any more than I can for your school districts, your museums, your parks, your churches, your families, your children’s literature, or your fantasies.

And, at the end of it all, I agreed to provide a signed, limited edition print for scanning, and a copy of it to be sold to fund the project, along with a quote from a book I’d written, and a no-way-definitely-not-short poem that would address women’s issues pertinent to the northwest corner of Michigan’s lower peninsula... because, oddly enough, I was as competent as the local white women whose pages were to be interspersed throughout the program. My friend the printer found a male business sponsor for the extra pages I had generated.

But, alas, the poem was left out, and the benign illustration and quote were proudly displayed. I’d been Uncle Tommed, and the white ladies of northwest lower Michigan patted themselves on the back for giving the impression of being culturally sensitive and compassionate and inclusive, while I tried to wipe the experience of my interaction with them from my mind, as though it were offensive goo on the heel of a boot.

A week later, I heard one from that selective group of civic-minded women on the local public radio channel, congratulating herself for developing the ability to say “vagina” out loud. I was saddened, because the women of this region would never know that the Ojibwe have a tradition so respectful of women that we only use anatomically correct terms for human body parts, counter to every European language I have ever learned.

We are genteel, intelligent. We have a wealth of traditional stories that deal with women’s roles, verbal abuse, domestic violence, trans-gender issues, and every other social issue that any society would need to function for millennia... as we did, and still do.

Outside of your public schools, we have our own social institutions that teach mechanisms for avoiding dysfunction, because dysfunction happens in all cultures.

Yet the ladies of Traverse City did not have the opportunity to learn this, because they could not fathom a Native American voice bigger than their own stereotypes of ignorance and docility, perhaps mirroring their own culture’s attitude toward women. Just as importantly, it voiced their culture’s attitude toward people of color.

These women are a few of the thousands of white escapists from Chicago and Detroit who have worked their way up the coastlines and the interstate highways into the ancestral homelands of the Woodland Indians of the northern Great Lakes.

In our neighborhood, the existing sparse populations of whites and Native Americans had begun to make their peace and intermarry one another, just when the white flight began in the 70s, after that messy bussing/integration/poverty-driven-race-riots thing that nobody wants to take responsibility for.

The phenomenon of white flight into this area happened with such speed and intensity that we could not overcome the fear and ignorance you brought with you. Perhaps we should call it “white blight.”

Last week, I was mailed a copy of the part of Ensler’s monologues that are written as the voices of Native women. It was an act of friendship, from one of the women who genuinely wanted to know, after the fact, if the monologues met my approval. No one had originally considered that the monologues might not meet the needs of the Indian women who were “included” as a form of political correctness.

It’s hard teaching you all of this, one at a time, at the expense of many of my own unpaid hours. I would much rather be paid what a white woman with my credentials makes, or better yet, what a white male with my credentials makes – but minority employment in education in this corner of the state runs at, oh... around zero percent.

I would have like to have had the opportunity to have spoken out before the damage was done, before Ensler’s damaging words and stereotypes pertaining to Native American women were performed, celebrated, espoused as the gospel by a white school teacher from Traverse City, who will take those stereotypes back into the classroom with her.

You see, public education is one of the least integrated professions in America today, and the option of educating you in groups is not available to me in the mainstream press, in the public schools, or in any format other than as a token Indian.

So I will be reluctant in the future to let my artwork be used, giving the impression of consensus for the status quo, consensus for the bizarre forms of racism, sexism, and ignorance you have brought with you while you’ve been busy fleeing from those awful colored folks down in those awful big cities you left crumbling. I do not like Ensler’s stereotypes of me any more than I like the ones you brought with you.

Ensler did damage to Native American women. Her essays in Indian voices spoke only about domestic violence, in contrast to the essays in white women’s voices. Ensler did not make clear to her audience that, in fact, the bulk of partners who abuse Native American women are not Native Americans themselves, but non-Indians who have sought out a weaker, vulnerable element of society – as abusers do.

You see, Native American women who are abused – by domestic spouses, neighbors, employers, big business, and even suburban escapees – are not trash deserving abuse as depicted by Ensler and interpreted by my neighbors... we are wasted human resources.

Even worse than Ensler’s stereotypes is the fact that today, in this twenty-first century, when Native American authors, artists, and activists are educated, outspoken and available, she took it upon herself to tell our stories for us, as though she could possibly be a competent substitute for our own voices.

By wearing the hat of a writer rather than that of an open-minded editor of contemporary Native women’s voices, Ensler has trivialized us and presented us as stereotypes within a vacuum. While Ensler and dozens of other non-Indian authors who write about Indians reap the economic benefits of giving the dominant culture what it needs and wants to think about the competence of Native American people, Native scholars find themselves waiting years for the publication of materials contradicting those stereotypes.

Native American women in Michigan have more college diplomas per capita than any other group, yet we have the highest unemployment in the state. Our children’s schools are staffed almost exclusively by whites. Public school administration has become a highly paid white male gravy train that models racism and sexism to our children.

We are followed around your stores by security guards. White women tighten their grips on their purses when we or our family members enter the room. Ears close to our concerns. We fear for our safety, and the safety of our children. All this, because you have found our neighborhood to be more desirable than your old neighborhood, and you have reinstituted the policy of Manifest Destiny.

So I offer up to you the poem that was left out of the Traverse City performance of the Vagina Monologues. (See “A Love Letter To My Community” on page 9.)


Lois Beardslee is an Anishinabe teacher and writer, who is accomplished in basketry, quillwork and birchbark biting. Beardslee is the author of Lies to Live By (grades 7 -up), Michigan State University Press 2003. Her article “Arguments for Integration in the Field of Education” appears in the Spring ’04 issue of Multicultural Education Magazine.


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Research Needed / Re: Lois Beardslee, Author & Artist
« Last post by Advanced Smite on March 01, 2024, 04:51:58 pm »
FATHER OF LOIS BEARDSLEE

Ervin Julius Sonkiss
B: 24 Jun 1914 - Illinois, USA
D: 10 May 1976 - Michigan, USA


In 1914, Ervin Julius Sonkiss was born in Illinois to John and Anna (Szilagyi) Sonkiss. John and Anna (Szilagyi) Sonkiss were born in Hungary and immigrated to the United States around 1910. Ervin Julius Sonkiss married Anna Marietta Korycinski in 1938. The couple had four children: John Sonkiss, Julius Sonkiss, Thomas Sonkiss, and Lois Sonkiss. He died in 1976 in Wayne County, Michigan.

1930 United States Federal Census
Name.........................................Julius Sankios*
Birth Year....................................abt 1915
Gender.........................................Male
Race..........................................White
Age in 1930.................................15
Birthplace....................................Illinois
Marital Status...............................Single
Relation to Head of House..............Son
Home in 1930...............................River Rouge, Wayne, Michigan, USA
Street Address..............................Haltiner Street
House Number..............................296 1/2
Able to Read and Write..................Yes
Father's Birthplace.......................Hungary
Mother's Birthplace......................Hungary
Able to Speak English....................Yes
Household Members (Name, Age)
John Sankios*, 49
Anna Sankios*, 40
Julius Sankios*, 15
Anna Sankios*, 12

*Possible transcription error. Reviewed original census to confirm it is the correct family.

Michigan, U.S., Marriage Records, 1867-1952
Name................................Julius Sonkiss
Gender..................................Male
Race..................................White
Age.......................................24
Birth Date..............................abt 1914
Birth Place...........................Illinois
Marriage License Place.............Wayne
Marriage Date..........................22 Oct 1938
Marriage Place........................Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, USA
Residence Place.......................Detroit, Michigan
Father..................................John Sonkiss
Mother.................................Anna Szilagyi
Spouse................................Anna Marietta Korycinski


1940 United States Federal Census
Name..........................................Ervin J Sonkiss
Age..............................................25
Estimated Birth Year.......................abt 1915
Gender.........................................Male
Race............................................White
Birthplace....................................Illinois
Marital Status................................Married
Relation to Head of House...............Head
Home in 1940................................Detroit, Wayne, Michigan
Street...........................................Woodmere Avenue
House Number................................2504
Inferred Residence in 1935...............River Rouge, Wayne, Michigan
Residence in 1935...........................River Rouge, Wayne, Michigan
Resident on farm in 1935.................No
Occupation.....................................Deseamer
Industry.........................................Great Lakes Steel Corp.
House Owned or Rented...................Rented
Highest Grade Completed.................Elementary school, 8th grade
Household Members (Name, Age)
Ervin J Sonkiss, 25
Anna Sonkiss, 20
John D Sonkiss, 6/12

1950 United States Federal Census
Name............................................Ervin J Sonkiss
Age..............................................35
Birth Date.....................................abt 1915
Gender.........................................Male
Race..............................................White
Birth Place....................................Illinois
Marital Status...............................Married
Relation to Head of House...............Head
Residence Date..............................1950
Home in 1950................................Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, USA
Street Name..................................Lauder
House Number...............................16592
Farm.............................................No
Acres............................................No
Occupation....................................Foreman
Industry........................................Steel Industry
Hours Worked................................48
Household Members (Name, Age)
Ervin J Sonkiss, 35
Ann K Sonkiss, 50
John D Sonkiss   , 10
Julius J Sonkiss, 8
Thomas Sonkiss, 6

Michigan, U.S., Death Index, 1971-1996
Name..................Ervin J Sonkiss
Birth Date............24 Jun 1914
Death Date..........10 May 1976
Gender................Male
Residence............Dearborn, Wayne, Michigan
Place of Death......Dearborn, Wayne, Michigan



MOTHER OF LOIS BEARDSLEE

Anna Marietta Korycinski
B: abt 1920 - West Virginia, USA
D: Unknown


In 1920, Anna Marietta Korycinski was born to Joseph and Katherine (Wanczlik) Korycinski in West Virginia. Joseph and Katherine (Wanczlik) Korycinski were born in Poland and immigrated to the United States around 1905. Anna Marietta Korycinski married Ervin Julius Sonkiss in 1938. The couple had four children: John Sonkiss, Julius Sonkiss, Thomas Sonkiss, and Lois Sonkiss. I was unable to locate a death record for Anna Marietta Korycinski.

1930 United States Federal Census
Name....................................Anna Korycinski
Birth Year................................abt 1920
Gender...................................Female
Race.....................................White
Age in 1930............................10
Birthplace.............................West Virginia
Marital Status..........................Single
Relation to Head of House.........Daughter
Home in 1930..........................River Rouge, Wayne, Michigan, USA
Street Address.........................Frazier Avenue
House Number.........................359
Able to Read and Write..............Yes
Father's Birthplace.................Poland
Mother's Birthplace................Poland
Able to Speak English.................Yes
Household Members (Name, Age)
Katy Korycinski   , 44
Stella Korycinski, 11
Anna Korycinski, 10
Stanley Korycinski, 8
Caroline Korycinski, 7
Sophia Korycinski, 6

Michigan, U.S., Marriage Records, 1867-1952
Name................................Anna Marietta Korycinski
Gender..............................Female
Race................................White
Age...................................18
Birth Date..........................abt 1920
Birth Place.......................West Virginia
Marriage License Place.........Wayne
Marriage Date.....................22 Oct 1938
Marriage Place....................Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, USA
Residence Place..................Detroit, Michigan
Father..............................Joseph Korycinski
Mother.............................Katherine Wanclik
Spouse.............................Julius Sonkiss

1940 United States Federal Census
Name.........................................Anna Sonkiss
Age............................................20
Estimated Birth Year.....................abt 1920
Gender........................................Female
Race..........................................White
Birthplace..................................West Virginia
Marital Status...............................Married
Relation to Head of House..............Wife
Home in 1940...............................Detroit, Wayne, Michigan
Street..........................................Woodmere Avenue
House Number..............................2504
Inferred Residence in 1935.............River Rouge, Wayne, Michigan
Residence in 1935.........................River Rouge, Wayne, Michigan
Resident on farm in 1935...............No
Highest Grade Completed...............High School, 3rd year
Native Language...........................English
Household Members (Name, Age)
Ervin J Sonkiss, 25
Anna Sonkiss, 20
John D Sonkiss, 6/12

1950 United States Federal Census
Name.........................................Ann K Sonkiss
Age.............................................30
Birth Date....................................abt 1920
Gender.........................................Female
Race...........................................White
Birth Place..................................West Virginia
Marital Status................................Married
Relation to Head of House...............Wife
Residence Date..............................1950
Home in 1950................................Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, USA
Street Name..................................Lauder
House Number...............................16592
Farm.............................................No
Acres............................................No
Occupation Category.......................Keeping House
Household Members (Name, Age)
Ervin J Sonkiss, 35
Ann K Sonkiss, 50
John D Sonkiss, 10
Julius J Sonkiss, 8
Thomas Sonkiss, 6
8
Research Needed / Re: Lois Beardslee, Author & Artist
« Last post by Advanced Smite on February 29, 2024, 02:27:14 am »
There are nine articles and records excerpted below regarding Lois Sonkiss. If you compare the Lois Beardslee articles and records in the first post to the Lois Sonkiss articles and records below, it becomes clear that Lois Beardslee's maiden name was Lois Sonkiss. While it would be ideal to have documentation directly connecting her maiden and married names (like a marriage record), in this situation, the commonalities found in the articles and records are too significant to be a coincidence.

Here's a list of the most significant commonalities between Lois Sonkiss and Lois Beardslee:
- Attended Northwestern Michigan College
- Northwestern Michigan College Cross Country Team
- Attended Oberlin College
- Attended University of New Mexico
- Studied Art History
- Studied Native American Art
- Claims to be Lacandon
- Claims to have “[grown] up in Northern Michigan”
- Artist

EVOLVING CLAIMS EXPLAIN INCONSISTENCIES
False claims evolve over time as seen with many other frauds featured on NAFPS. In my opinion, a few inconsistencies seen in the articles and records below can most likely be attributed to the evolution of Beardslee's false claims.

"Garcia" Surname: In 1975 and 1976, while at Oberlin College, Beardslee added "Garcia" to her name. She went by "Lois Garcia Y Sonkiss" in the 1975 archeological excavation article and "Lois Garcia Sonkiss" in the 1976 Oberlin College yearbook. This is consistent with Beardslee claiming to have been born in Chiapas, Mexico and having Lacandon and/or Maya ancestry. Beardslee is actually Polish, Hungarian, and Romanian which will be outlined in a third post covering genealogy.

"Brill" Surname: In 1980, Beardslee went by "Lois Sonkiss Brill" in an article about her artwork appearing in an exhibit at the Southern Plains Indian Museum. Lois Sonkiss married Thomas Brill in New Mexico in 1979. She is currently married to John Lantta Beardslee.

Ojibwe: There's no evidence Beardslee was claiming to be Ojibwe in the 1970's and 1980's while known as Lois Sonkiss.

Birth Year: Lois Sonkiss claimed to have been born in 1956 during several interviews in the 1970's. She was actually born in 1954. Lois Sonkiss’ high school yearbook corresponds with the correct birth year of 1954 though. It's impossible to know whether this was an inadvertent mistake or intentional.


1970

Quote
U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-2016
Name..........................Lois Sonkiss*
Estimated Age..............16
Birth Year.....................abt 1954
Yearbook Date..............1970
School.........................Dearborn High School
School Location.............Dearborn, Michigan, USA

*Page attached to NAFPS post

1972

Quote
NMC Harriers Bow

Northwestern Michigan College's cross country team fought a number of foes in Saturday's meet at Lake Superior State College in Sault Ste. Marie and lost to most of them. NMC competed against Ferris State College and Lake Superior in a meet won by Ferris. The Bulldogs compiled 20 points while Lake Superior tailed 47 and NMC 80. Brian Aho won the race, running his home four-mile course in 23 minutes, 12 seconds.

Running for NMC were John Carlson, Mark Stormzand, Ken Smith, Tim Benson and two women, Pam Dalitz and Lois Sonkiss. All the runners were hampered by high winds, cold temperatures and snow. NMC's first home meet will be Oct. 24 against Alpena Community College.


Source: "NMC Cross Country - Lois Sonkiss" Newspapers.com. Traverse City Record-Eagle, October 16, 1972. https://www.newspapers.com/image/54951268/.

1975 

Quote
Indian Mound - They Hope To Solve Puzzle With Two Billion Pieces
By SCOTT DERKS News-Press Staff Writer

It's a puzzle with two billion pieces and no guarantee that it all fits together.

Excavating a 2,000-year-old Indian mound has captured the attention of a cluster of college students from Ohio and a dedicated group of Sanibel Island volunteers.

Searching for the tools, pottery and fragments of the Caloosa Indians in the hump-backed mound near the J.N. "Ding" Darlinq Wildlife Refuge on Sanibel, the group members are rediscovering their imagination.

Oberlin College student Amy Davidson is spending her "winter quarter" away from her Ohio campus and deep in a hole at the shell mound, scraping out sand and shells to get a better picture of the lifestyle of the Indians who roamed the area and built the mound thousands of years ago.

"When you are digging, you are thinking, using your imagination. It's not like digging a ditch. You are always looking, using every fact to understand," she said.

It is like reading a mystery novel that has no end. Charles Wilson, a Sanibel Island resident who has been directing the digging of the mounds, said the whelk-stacked hill, rising out of the coastal shelf and topped by a massive gumbo limbo tree "is an interesting site."

Probably a campground that built up over hundreds of years, the mound was being built as that portion of the island was being formed.

In fact, there is evidence from a deep hole that the mound extends below the present water table showing changes in the area and the early appearance of the Indians on the island.

Tugging at his white beard, Wilson watched the groups sifting through the piles of shells in search of archeological treasures. "Caloosa" identifies a type of activity in Southwest Florida, but not necessarily one tribe or group of people, Wilson said. But the Indians "had a highly developed social structure and were a powerful tribe whose influence extended to the east coast of Florida. Apparently they did this without agriculture and remained a hunting and gathering society," Wilson said. Each spadeful of dirt is charted and all finds are noted and bagged carefully so pottery can be related to other discoveries found in the same layer of the mound.

Wilson said he has applied for two grants to have the material studied, but he would not speculate on the chances of getting a grant.

Little work has been done in Southwest Florida, and the lifestyle and most of the habits of the original Indians remain a mystery.

All morning the group worked, all week long. Bucket after bucket was scooped out. Shell after shell was sifted through and examined. The five Oberlin students, under the direction of Dr. Lee High, spend a month "discovering" without the pressure of grades or other studies.

"It is a chance to do something you have always wanted to do," High said.

A scattered collection of heavy, unmarked pottery shards was found in one corner of the mound, hidden for years by a mountain of shells. The entire group came to see the discovery, to hold the clay pieces in their hands and feel the excitement of doing something new, uncharted.

After much puzzling and piecing, parts of the pot were put together, forming a crude half bowl.

Numerous cars stopped along the road to watch. But no one is allowed to dig in historical sites without permission, and Wilson's shell mound work is being done on private property.

Studying the number of whelks, probably used for food, or the differently colored rings on the sliced hillside, student Lois Garcia Y Sonkiss carefully drew sketches of the items found and wondered about the people who left the hill behind.

Amy Davidson picked up a tiny piece of pottery and passed it out of the hole. Removing a heavy glove, she watched Wilson look at the pottery find. "There is so much mystery, your imagination keeps going. Any little thing can mean something," she said.


Source: "Indian Mound - Lois Garcia Y Sonkiss" Newspapers.com. News-Press, January 27, 1975. https://www.newspapers.com/image/214085550/.

1975

Quote
Louis [sic] Sonkiss*

*"Louis" appears to be a typo and was intended to be "Lois." I recommend visiting this link: https://ohio5.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/digtalbks/id/12942.


Source: New Students, 1975 Oberlin College Yearbook
Direct Link: https://ohio5.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/digtalbks/id/12942
Archive Link: https://archive.ph/wip/4Q6Gd

1976

Quote
Lois Garcia Sonkiss, Art History*

*I recommend visiting this link: https://ohio5.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/digtalbks/id/12274.


Source: Seniors, 1976 Oberlin College Yearbook
Direct Link: https://ohio5.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/digtalbks/id/12274
Archive Link: https://archive.ph/wuOfw

1976

Quote
Ecumenical Assembly Plans Meeting

The newly-organized Grand Traverse Ecumenical Assembly has planned to meet for worship, discussion, and a special program on Aug. 9 at 7:30 in the Lounge of Central United Methodist Church, 222 Cass Street, Traverse City.

Lois Sonkiss will be the featured speaker. She will give a slide-lecture presentation on Native American Art, archaeology, and culture, drawn from her personal experience.

Sonkiss has recently been accepted into the master's program in tribal and American art at the University of New Mexico. She has had archaeological field experience in the first systematic excavations of the Pre-columbian Caluse Indian shell mounds off the Gulf Coast of Florida and has been scholar at the University of Michigan museum of Anthropology, setting up an exhibition of Indian ethnographic objects.


The public is invited to share an evening with this creative artist and see the Grand Traverse Ecumenical Assembly in action.


Source: "Lois Sonkiss - University of New Mexico" Newspapers.com. Traverse City Record-Eagle, August 6, 1976. https://www.newspapers.com/image/55763439/.

1980

Quote
Museums Offering Indian Art

Indian art – sculpture, sandpainting, serigraphy, beading, basketry, pottery, prints, collage and photography – will be on view these last weeks of July in two Oklahoma museums.

Sculpture exhibits by self-taught Indian artist Charles E. Pratt will be shown at the Museum of the Western Prairie, Altus, beginning Sunday. A reception for Pratt from 2 to 4 p.m. Sunday will launch the exhibit which includes intricate metal works representing animal and plant life. The display will run two weeks.

At the Southern Plains Indian Museum in Anadarko, an exhibit is already in progress and will continue through July 31. Titled “Conceptual Art: Four Native American Women Artists," the unusual display focuses on abstraction and reflects the intellect and emotions of Lois Sonkiss Brill, Jaune Quick-To-See Smith, Kay Walkingstick and Emmi Whitehorse. Viewing hours are 9 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Monday through Saturday and 1-4:30 p.m. Sunday.

Ms. Brill is of Lacandon Indian descent, born In Mexico in 1956. She is primarily an art historian and holds a master's from University of New Mexico. Her artistic talents are directed toward quillwork, beadwork, basketry and pottery.

Jaune Quick-To-See Smith is of French-Creek and Shoshone descent. She was born on a reservation in Montana and her name means “insightful awareness." Quick-To-See also has a master's and her painting exhibits have netted her favorable reviews in leading art publications.

Kay Walkingstick is of Oklahoma Cherokee descent. A highly educated woman she concentrates on painting and drawing.

Emmi Whitehorse, who is a poet as well as artist, makes her splash in sandpainting, sculpture, silversmithing, serigraphy, printmaking and photography. Spotlighted will be her painting, “For That, Only Good Indian" created in acrylic and encaustic over ink on canvas. Since showings are limited to two weeks, it’s a good idea to make plans to see them soon.


Source: "Museums offering Indian art" Newspapers.com. Wichita Falls Times, July 18, 1980. https://www.newspapers.com/image/781426987/.

1980

Quote
Lois Sonkiss – (Maya) – artist, painter, reviewer; born in Chiapas, Mexico in 1956; grew up in Northern Michigan; studied art at the University of New Mexico; published in La Confluencia; Lives in Tijeras Canyon, New Mexico.


Source: The Remembered Earth: An Anthology of Contemporary Native American Literature –edited by Geary Hobson (1980)
Direct Link: https://www.google.com/books/edition/The_Remembered_Earth/U9fR_gHTxeUC?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=the%20remembered%20earth%20lois%20sonkiss&pg=PA416&printsec=frontcover


2004

Quote
STATE OF MICHIGAN -PROBATE COURT COUNTY OF LIVINGSTON 
ESTATE OF MARY PULTER, DECEASED. FILE NO. 04-06951-DE

TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS:
including Sandra Korycinski, Susan Korycinski, Judy Korycinski, Tammy Korycinski, Steve Korycinski, John Korycinski, James Sonkiss, Tom Sonkiss, Lois Sonkiss, Cynthia Watczak, 3 children of Sophie Ducinski - Names unknown, 4 children of Carol Barduka - Names unknown,
1 child of Stella Gizinski-Walczak - Name Unknown***

The decedent, who lived at 3003 W. Grand River, Howell, MI 48843 died 03/29/2003. An application for informal probate of decedent's will was filed by John D. Sonkiss, 5198 Bradford Circle, Brighton, Ml 48114. On 1/26/04 the Livingston County Probate Court 204 S. Highlander Way, Howell, MI 48843 informally admitted the will. No personal representative has been appointed, and there is no administration of the estate.

ATTORNEY:
James F. Malinowski, P23037, 39111 W. Six Mile Road, Livonia, MI 48152, (734) 420-4170.

***all of whose addresses and whereabouts are unknown.

(2-10-04 DAILY 112122).


Source: "Estate of Mary Pulter - Lois Sonkiss" Newspapers.com. Livingston County Daily Press and Argus, February 10, 2004. https://www.newspapers.com/image/480675151/.

The 2004 probate notice for the estate of Mary (Korycinski) Pulter is a good preface for the next post of genealogy. Beardslee will be shown to be Polish, Hungarian, and Romanian without any Ojibwe or Lacandon or Maya ancestry.
9
Research Needed / Re: Keewaydinoquay Margaret Peschel
« Last post by Sparks on February 29, 2024, 02:02:02 am »
Direct Link: https://singingtotheplants.com/2008/02/hallucinogens-in-north-america/
Archive Link: https://archive.ph/9DGIO
[…]

There are 11 Responses, pro & con (2008-2014), […][/quote]

Here is another Response, with an interesting link:

Quote
Reid Kaplan says: — November 4, 2014 at 8:44 am
I am not sure why I am rejoining an old controversy from which I have nothing to gain and which does not hold any interest for me any longer. But I certainly would like to set part of the record straight. I was a friend of Wasson’s for a very long time, a period which included the entire Kee episode. I was then a graduate student in Anthropolgy at Yale, and it happened that Claude Lévi-Strauss brought our attention to a portion of the Jesuit Relations which described Amanita muscaria use by the shamans of the Anishinaabeg. Hence, my involvement in the project and, moreover, that excerpt shows that Kee was not the sole source of this information. I must certainly assert that the statement: “the fact that Wasson and Keewaydinoquay were, apparently, lovers, or at least enmeshed in a highly charged personal relationship” is entirely false, or, if such strong feelings existed, they were entirely one-sided. In fact, Wasson was so distressed by his experience when he went to the island the first time, that he told me he could never go back there again. So, he asked me to investigate there further, as the account in the Jesuit Relations had not yet been verified, or rather, fully examined. My account of what happened is on a tape that you can hear at http://www.dstretch.com/Kee/index.html until, or unless, it disappears as most things on the web do. I told the simple truth to the audience in San Francisco. I hold no opinion about its shamanic character. I am astounded that it could be thought that Wasson and Kee could be “lovers”. It was utterly out of character for an old and infirm man, suffering from recurring strokes, very upset at the encounter, and totally absorbed in the life of the mind, could behave that way. It is, in fact, disgusting to claim that, and whoever started this canard should be deeply ashamed. She was an “informant”, pure and simple. That he helped her in her life was only normal generosity – or, if you prefer, reciprocity.
One thing about the mushrooms I ate on the island that has never been told, and has bothered me since, is that it was so dark at the time that I could not see what the mushroom was; I could not identify it. I suppose that will make the skeptics happy. Actually I hope that this entire subject will be consigned to the dustbin of history. I want no more part of it.

This is the content of the link in the quote:

Quote
Gordon Wasson, Reid Kaplan, Keewaydinoquay Peschel speaking about Miskwedo (Amanita Muscaria)

These tracks were taken from a tape given to me by Paul Freeman of San Francisco.  A friend of his (Norman Woodbury) taped this at the conference "Hallucinogens in Native America" held in San Francisco 9-28 to 10-1, 1978.  I think this tape is fascinating and want to make it available to others.
Speakers on this tape are Gordon Wasson, Reid Kaplan, Keewaydinoquay Peschel.

The tracks are below.
Track 1. 20:06 Introduction, Gordon Wasson
Track 2. 21:50 Keewaydinoquay and Reid Kaplan 1
Track 3. 21:53 Kee and Reid 2
Track 4. 12:46 Story of the Scroll
Track 5. 6:34 Story of the Brothers 2
Track 6. 24:54 Use of Miskwedo stories
Track 7. 18:19 Old Hunter and other stories
Track 8. 18:06 Reid's experience

GordonWasson
Information on Gordon Wasson:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._Gordon_Wasson
http://www.erowid.org/plants/mushrooms/mushrooms_article5.shtml

Keewaydinoquay Peschel
From the Publisher of
"Puhpohwee for the People: A Narrative Account of Some Uses of Fungi among the Ahnishinaabeg"
Author: Keewaydinoquay Peschel
Keewaydinoquay is an Ahnishinaabe herbalist & shaman who, in her childhood, was apprenticed to the famous Ahnishinaabe herbalist, Nodjimahkwe, thus falling heir to the traditional knowledge of the plant world among her people. The native peoples of America actually believe that there is an herb to meet every possible need. The word PUH-POH-WEE is an old Algonkian term that means 'to swell up in stature suddenly & silently from an unseen source of power.' It is particularly suitable when referring to fungi. The Ahnishinaabeg can find a potential PUH-POH-WEE in their ancient cultural heritage. This is a book about the harmony of tribal life in which Keewaydinoquay weaves the medicinal uses of fungi with tales from her own life. Keewaydinoquay is well-known in medicinal circles & tribal organizations in the Lake Michigan & Lake Superior area, also having connections with institutions interested in the anthropology & history of that area. She has a Master of Education degree from Wayne State University. She is the only resident on Miniss Kitigan in Lake Michigan, where some hundreds of her people once lived. (Miniss Kitigan is the northern-most island of the Amikogenda archipelago.)

Keewaydinoquay Peschel was born around 1919 and died on July 21, 1999.

Other information about Kee:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keewaydinoquay_Peschel

A list of her books from Amazon.com

A contrary view of the material on this tape:
http://singingtotheplants.blogspot.com/2008/02/hallucinogens-in-north-america.html

Open http://www.dstretch.com/Kee/index.html to listen to the tapes.
10
Research Needed / Re: Keewaydinoquay Margaret Peschel
« Last post by Sparks on February 29, 2024, 01:35:11 am »
Lois Beardslee posted a comment critical of Margaret “Keewaydinoquay” Peschel on a blog, “Singing to the Plants.” I was going to share the interesting comment on Peschel’s NAFPS thread but then noticed inconsistencies in Beardslee's own claims of Native American ancestry. […]

Source: "Hallucinogens in North America" Singing to the Plants - Steve Beyer's Blog on Ayahuasca and the Amazon
Direct Link: https://singingtotheplants.com/2008/02/hallucinogens-in-north-america/
Archive Link: https://archive.ph/9DGIO

The quote is from a new topic: "Lois Beardslee, Author & Artist". The blog article linked to is entirely about Keewaydinoquay Peschel and R. Gordon Wasson (recently discussed here in this NAFPS thread).

Quote
Hallucinogens in North America — Saturday, Feb 16th, 2008 — Sacred Plants, Shamanism
In the preceding two posts, I have argued that there is little convincing evidence that shamans outside the extended culture area of the Upper Amazon have ever used hallucinogens in their shamanic work; and, in the immediately preceding post, I argued against the belief that shamans in Siberia used the fly agaraic mushroom Amanita muscaria for shamanizing.

There is also, I believe, little evidence for the shamanic use of psychoactive plants or mushrooms among the indigenous peoples of North America. As among the Khoryaks, non-shamans may attempt to emulate shamans by using psychoactive plants or mushrooms that shamans themselves do not use. For example, among the Chumash and other indigenous peoples in south central California, it can be important to acquire a dream helper, not just for shamans but for ordinary people as well: falcon helps gamblers, bobcat can help hunters, otter can make one a good swimmer, roadrunner helps midwives. Sometimes a dream helper appears in an ordinary dream; this is especially true of shamans, whose powers first appear in dreams during childhood. Conversely, to obtain a dream helper, common people rely heavily on Datura, which plays only a marginal role in the acquisition of shamanic power.

There are similar problems with the claimed fly agaric use by shamans among the Anishinaabeg — often called the Ojibwe — of the Great Lakes area. The claim, first put forward by R. Gordon Wasson in 1978, rests entirely upon the testimony of a single person, an Anishinaabe herbalist and university-trained ethnobotanist named Keewaydinoquay Peschel. She claimed that she herself had been initiated into the shamanic use of the mushroom, and had herself used the mushroom three to five times a year for the past fifty years. She prepared a birch bark scroll containing a legend of how the mushroom came to the Anishinaabeg, which, Wasson said, evidenced its shamanic use.

There are some significant problems with this claim. There is no description of fly agaric use in any detailed ethnography of Anishinaabeg shamanism. When she first met Wasson, Keewaydinoquay apparently was living a solitary and unhappy life, spending much of her time alone on an isolated island; in any event, it is difficult to say to what extent she was, at that time, integrated into Anishinaabeg culture.

Further, Keewaydinoquay admitted that many Anishinaabeg were in fact strongly opposed to the consumption of fly agaric; indeed, her own revered teacher of herbalism, a woman named Nodjimahkwe, apparently knew about the mushrooms and prohibited her student from eating them. Moreover, versions of the legend told by other Anishinaabeg differ substantially from that given by Keewaydinoquay, including versions that prohibit the eating of any mushrooms at all.

Indeed, the mushroom legend itself, even as retold by Keewaydinoquay, contains little that would connect its use to shamanizing. The story tells how the Anishinaabeg discovered the mushrooms, and points out that those who use the mushroom are happy and pure, while those who do not are worried and unhappy. Although the mushroom reveals the supernatural and other knowledge to those who use it, the story provides no reason to believe that those who reportedly used the mushroom were shamans in any sense.

Further doubt is cast on the claim by the fact that Wasson and Keewaydinoquay were, apparently, lovers, or at least enmeshed in a highly charged personal relationship — one that seems, from her letters, to have been deeply important to Keewaydinoquay. And both derived ancillary benefits from this relationship: Wasson helped Keewaydinoquay obtain a doctorate in anthropology, a teaching position, and the publication of her writings on ethnomycology by the Harvard Botanical Museum; Keewaydinoquay gave Wasson an apparently idiosyncratic account of Anishinaabeg hallucinogen use that happened to be consistent with his theories. In the absence of confirmatory evidence, it is probably fair to view this account with caution.

There are 11 Responses, pro & con (2008-2014), including the one that is quoted in the Lois Beardslee, Author & Artist thread.
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