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31
Frauds / Re: Lakota One Heart
« Last post by ChikashaTruth on April 28, 2022, 03:11:12 am »
I have been told this: "Lakota One Heart carries the pipe of White Buffalo Calf Woman".
32
Frauds / Re: Steve McCullough aka Iktomi Sha & Salt Creek Sundance
« Last post by Cetan on April 28, 2022, 02:12:19 am »
He would have one of his kids or supporters with small rattles to make the rattling sounds and lights can be easily faked with little led flashlights.  And once again I am thinking of our departed friend Johnnie
33
Research Needed / Re: Grace Dillon
« Last post by cellophane on April 27, 2022, 11:00:03 pm »
Grace Lynn Dillon's dissertation, Carefull Verse in Watchman's Song: A Study of Spenser’s Prophetic Voice (UC Riverside, 1997, English program), has the dedication "for my parents, Lou Starr LaPonsie and Carol Marcia LaPonsie". That confirms advancedsmite's conclusion.

At this upcoming seminar announcement:
https://simpsoncenter.org/events/event-detail?trumbaEmbed=view%3Devent%26eventid%3D159457808&eventid=159457808
Grace calls herself "Anishinaabe with family ties to Bay Mills Nation, Garden River Nation and aunties and uncles from the Salteaux Nation". Family ties could mean ties by marriage, perhaps through the LaPonsie family.

Likewise, at this recent announcement:
https://representationmatters.art/2022/02/17/s2e5/
Grace is described as "Anishinaabe with family, friends, and relatives from Bay Mills Nation and Garden River Nation with Aunties and Uncles also from the Saulteaux Nation". Again, not precise.


Her daughter, Elizabeth LaPensée, has an essay, "Transformations and Remembrances in the Digital Game We Sing for Healing" (ca. 2016) here:
https://journals.kent.ac.uk/index.php/transmotion/article/view/243/1007
In it, she calls herself "Irish, Anishinaabe, and Métis", and "Anishinaabekwe and Michif"

In an interview here:
https://alter-native-media.com/2008/08/27/ipi-indigenous-peeps-in-the-industry-04/
Elizabeth says, "I’m a half-breed border crosser. My mother is Anishinaabe and Metis from the LaPonsies with family out in Bay Mills and Sault Ste. Marie stateside. My father’s Irish through and through."

Her website,
http://www.elizabethlapensee.com/about
says, "She is Anishinaabe, Métis, and Irish".

This steampunk related website from 2011 (under her married name, Beth Aileen Lameman):
https://beyondvictoriana.com/2011/04/03/the-west-was-lost-by-beth-aileen-lameman-and-myron-a-lameman-a-review/
says, "Beth has Irish/Anishinaabe/Métis heritage".
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Research Needed / Re: Grace Dillon
« Last post by advancedsmite on April 27, 2022, 10:37:05 pm »
Based on available information, I believe that Anishinaabe and Metis ancestry through Grace Dillon's maternal grandfather, Robert Wilson Corrigan, is highly unlikely. This post will focus on the individuals in bold text below. The Corrigan line is from Ireland. The other lines I researched back to the early 1800s on the East Coast (Vermont, New Jersey). The evidence points to the Wilson, Hoover, Slafter, and Leonard lines being early colonists of English, Irish, or Scottish descent. 

Parents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Lou Laponsie & Carol Marcia Corrigan
Maternal Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Robert Wilson Corrigan & Elizabeth Marcia Woodland
Maternal Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Edward Corrigan & Phalle Mary Wilson
Maternal Great Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Michael Corrigan (Ireland) & Sarah Reid (Ireland)
Maternal Great Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Farwell Alonzo Wilson & Ann W Hoover
Maternal Great Great Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Nahum Newton Wilson (1805, New Hampshire – 1887, Michigan) & Phalle Richardson Slafter (1806, Vermont – 1863, Michigan)
Maternal Great Great Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Jacob H Hoover (1813, New Jersey - 1887, Michigan) & Mary Leonard (1813, New Jersey – 1892, Michigan)

Grandfather of Grace Dillon – Robert Wilson Corrigan
U.S. World War II Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947
Name: Robert Wilson Corrigan
Gender: Male
Race: White
Age: 29
Relationship to Draftee: Self (Head)
Birth Date: 1911
Birth Place: Saginaw, Michigan, USA
Residence Place: Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA
Registration Date: 16 Oct 1940
Registration Place: Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA
Employer: Saginaw Police Dept
Height: 5 10
Weight: 250
Complexion: Ruddy
Hair Color: Brown
Eye Color: Hazel
Next of Kin: Elizabeth M Corrigan

Great Grandfather of Grace Dillon – Edward Corrigan
1920 United States Federal Census
Name: Edward Colligan – Age 59
Birth Year: 1861
Birthplace: Canada
Home in 1920: Saginaw Ward 4, Saginaw, Michigan
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name: Phalle Colligan
Father's Birthplace: Ireland
Mother's Birthplace: Ireland

Native Tongue: English
Occupation: Conductor
Industry: R Road Steam
Household members
Edward Colligan Age 59
Phalle Colligan Age 55
Shirley Colligan Age 25
Floyd Colligan Age 23
Dorothy Colligan Age 16
Robert Colligan Age 8

Great Grandmother of Grace Dillon – Phalle Mary Wilson Corrigan
1930 United States Federal Census
Name: Phalle M Corrigan
Birth Year: 1867
Gender: Female
Race: White
Age in 1930: 63
Birthplace: Michigan
Marital Status: Widowed
Relation to Head of House Head
Homemaker? Yes
Home in 1930: Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA
Father's Birthplace: Michigan
Mother's Birthplace: Michigan
Able to Speak English: Yes
Household Members
Phalle M Corrigan Age 63
Dorthy Corrigan    Age 25
Robert Corrigan Age 19

Great Great Grandmother of Grace Dillon – Ann W Hoover Wilson
Michigan, U.S. Death Records, 1867-1952
Name: Ann W Wilson [Ann W Hoover]
Gender: Female
Race: White
Marital status: Married
Death Age: 83
Birth Date: 18 Aug 1843
Birth Place: Michigan
Death Date: 12 Apr 1927
Death Place: Ypsilanti, Washtenaw, Michigan, USA
Father: Jacob H Hoover
Mother: Mary Leonard

Maternal Great Great Great Grandmother of Grace Dillon – Jacob H Hoover
1870 United States Federal Census
Name: Jacob H Hoover
Age in 1870: 57
Birth Date: 1813
Birthplace: New Jersey
Home in 1870: Millington, Tuscola, Michigan
Race: White
Gender: Male
Inferred Spouse: Mary Hoover
Inferred Children: John Hoover; Addison Hoover
Household members
Jacob H Hoover Age 57
Mary Hoover Age 57
Addison Hoover Age 17
John Hoover

Maternal Great Great Great Grandmother of Grace Dillon – Mary Leonard Hoover
1870 United States Federal Census
Name: Mary Hoover
Age in 1870: 57
Birth Date: 1813
Birthplace: New Jersey
Home in 1870: Millington, Tuscola, Michigan
Race: White
Gender: Female

Great Great Grandfather of Grace Dillon – Farwell Alonzo Wilson
1880 United States Federal Census
Name: Farwell Wilson
Age: 38
Birth Date: Abt 1842
Birthplace: Michigan
Home in 1880: Vernon, Isabella, Michigan, USA
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name: Ann Wilson
Father's Birthplace: Vermont
Mother's Birthplace: Vermont

Occupation: Lumber Man   
Household Members
Farwell Wilson Age 38
Ann Wilson Age 36
Pholla Wilson Age 13
Earl Wilson Age 9
Floyd Wilson Age 4
Florence Wilson Age 4
35
Frauds / Re: Lakota One Heart
« Last post by Smart Mule on April 27, 2022, 10:24:12 pm »
I'm guessing this is her? http://66.165.116.69/BlueBuffalo/abtlak.cfm

Quote
LaKota OneHeart, previously known as Reverend LaKotahasie Frazier, Elk With No Horns or Buffalo Woman Comes Running is of Abanaki, French and Lakotah descent. She is a Reverend in the Order of Melchizedek, Sanctuary of the Beloved Blue Buffalo. LaKota OneHeart is a Sun-Moon Dancer and Spiritual Dance Leader for Beautiful Painted Arrow, Spiritual Advisor, Medicine Wheel Healer and Spiritual Artist, whose art expresses her own medicine walk. LaKota OneHeart DOES NOT teach traditional Native American Ceremony; she teaches as a minister from her own life experiences, teaching and sharing her visions with all who come. Her sacred ceremonies and teachings are neither bought nor sold, they are a gift to be received, for which the student makes an offering. In March 2007, she received the Living in Peace Award, for the International Ecumenical Prayer for Peace Day, from the Sanctuary of Peace on Capitol Hill in Washington D.C. She has created many Turtle Island Dream Circles across the country, by sharing her gift of the Medicine of the dream, with a vision of first healing ourselves, then our communities, and then our world.

Also, LaKota OneHeart has three Black Belt Degrees, first degree Black Belt in Tang Soo Do and Sampi, and third degree in Kyoshin Kan ahorin Ryu, and title of Shi-ko-Ni, certified instructor in two styles. She is a Reverend in the Order of Melchizedek, Sanctuary of the Beloved Blue Buffalo.
36
Frauds / Hasie Frasier AKA Lakota One Heart AKA Reverend LaKotahasie Frazier
« Last post by ChikashaTruth on April 27, 2022, 09:57:05 pm »
Does anyone know of a woman named Lakota One Heart ?

[Just changed title-Al]
37
Research Needed / Re: Siobhan Marks Our Grandmothers Strap Dress
« Last post by WINative on April 27, 2022, 08:54:36 pm »
Preceding the week of May 5th (Missing and Murdered Indigenous Persons Awareness Day) AIHSC and partners St Kateri Center of Chicago, UIC Native American Support Program, Cook County Forest Preserve, Waking Women Healing Institute Chicago Therapy Collective, Cook County Human Relations Commission will host a PowWow on April 30th to remember the survivors and victims of violence in the indigenous community. Location: Bunker Hill Forest Preserve, W. Harts Road, Niles Illinois 60714. Gates open at 11am. Grand Entry at 12pm noon. ATTENDANCE IS FREE! Learn more at: aihschgo.org/event/mmiw-event

3:30pm: Siobhan Marks Red Dress Presentation

• Special Red Dress Presentation:
Siobhan Marks (Lac Courte Oreilles of Lake Superior)

https://www.facebook.com/events/222272833398778/
38
Research Needed / Fabián Frias aka Apab’yan Tew
« Last post by Ome Oso on April 27, 2022, 08:40:52 pm »
Fabián Frias aka Apab’yan Tew is a predator and will begin by asking for selfies, he will then ask for other fotos, continue his quest by asking for pictures of feet, because "Mayans can read feet." After a while he will ask for topless and nude fotos. He will ask for money so he can buy his books wholesale and resell them.

He is known for preying on women and girls at ceremonies, getting comfortable, close and kissing inappropriately. He may use alcohol during his ceremonies in the US and Mexcio. He will continue his relationship online in private. He travels around the world under the guise of Mayan spiritual guide, author and midwife. He tours college campuses, and different education centers. He will also retaliate if one tries to speak out against him by online attacks, smear campaigns and his supporters will voluntarily threaten victims who speak out. After traveling to Texas, his behavior was so bad a letter was written to warn the community about his predatory behavior.

"Dear friends and colleagues,

It is with great sadness and indignation that I send the following message to you regarding the author, Fabian Frias, who this year did a presentation on the Mayan calendar and traditional midwifery.

Just recently, information arose of a series of incidents involving this person that are of the deepest concern. My comadre and I who helped organize the training have spent time cross-referencing information to verify the allegations to the best of our ability. All the information received concurs and therefore must cut off all ties to this person and encourage you to consider doing the same.

The leadership of my organization and our danza elders have been informed. It is deeply troubling that we cannot trust people who present themselves as carriers of these traditions- even when they are vetted by elders and practitioners, have credentials, and appear to play the part. We had no prior knowledge of these circumstances and will seek to correct any harm caused. We do not condone or overlook the abuse of any member of our community. All allegations are investigated.

At this time, we are still figuring out what our next steps will be, but we needed to inform you all right away as we are protective and considerate of the people we serve. Your guidance and support is appreciated as we have to face these things together. If you are open to some sort of dialogue around this, please let us know so we can set something up. This is trauma eating away at our people and we want the pain to stop.

We very much want to foster the empowerment and skills base of each of you and stand ready to be of service based on the needs that you express. I offer my most sincere apologies. Despite enough research being done on this person (and anyone we work with) such as, knowing them for three years, having them be brought in by some of our dearest elders (who also weren’t aware), having them recommended by others in Mexico- we have had a bitter time working through this. We were misled and don’t want to continue transmitting that energy to anyone going forward."
39
Research Needed / Re: Grace Dillon
« Last post by advancedsmite on April 27, 2022, 06:05:52 pm »
I've ruled out Native American ancestry through Grace Dillon's maternal grandmother, Elizabeth Marcia Woodland. I will do a separate post for her maternal grandfather, Robert Wilson Corrigan. This post will focus on the individuals in bold text below.

Parents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Lou Laponsie & Carol Marcia Corrigan
Maternal Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Robert Wilson Corrigan & Elizabeth Marcia Woodland
Maternal Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: William J Woodland & Mary Margaret (Minnie) Wilcoxson
Maternal Great Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Joshua Woodland (IRELAND) & Sarah Wilson (IRELAND)
Maternal Great Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: William H Wilcoxson & Elizabeth Allen (SCOTLAND)
Maternal Great Great Great Grandparents of Grace Laponsie Dillon: Thomas Wilcoxson (England) & Elizabeth (Eliza) Pegg (No Native Ancestry Found)

The link and quoted text below are from an obituary for Grace Dillon's maternal grandmother, Elizabeth Marcia Woodland Corrigan Ewald. It connects Grace Laponsie Dillon to her parents, Lou Laponsie and Carol Marcia Corrigan Laponsie.
Quote
Obituary for Elizabeth Marcia "Betty" Ewald (Elizabeth Marcia Woodland)

ELIZABETH “BETTY” MARCIA EWALD, 100, of Cass City, died Sunday, October 31, 2010 in Timberline Lodge Adult Foster Care Home, Caro. She was born October 7, 1910 in Saginaw to William John and Mary Margaret (Wilcoxson) Woodland. She married Robert W. Corrigan in 1934. He died in 1982. She later married Clarence W. Ewald December 29, 1984 in Cass City. He died June 22, 1995.
Betty attended Saginaw Business School after High School. She was a member of the Cass City First Baptist Church. She was formerly the Executive Secretary of the American Cancer Society, St. Joseph County Chapter. Betty worked for the telephone company and for Consumers Power in Saginaw. She loved to read, refinish furniture, and she wrote poetry. Betty had a keen interest in Missionary work. She also enjoyed playing the piano and gardening.

Betty is survived by her children: Carol (Lou) LaPonsie of Cass City, Robert W. Corrigan II of Norway, MI. She was blessed with 12 grandchildren: Robert (Katherine) Corrigan III, Keith Corrigan, Scott Corrigan, Colleen (Scott) Duncan, Daniel LaPonsie, Philip (Roberta) LaPonsie, Aaron (Kathy) LaPonsie, Grace (Tracy) Dillon, Faith LaPonsie, Hope (Steven) Winterhalter, Joy (John) Montei; 24 great grandchildren; 11 great great grandchildren; stepchildren and their families: Ruth (Ron) Bullis of Grand Rapids, William (Jean) Ewald of Cass City, Phyllis (Tom) Montgomery of PA. She is preceded in death by her grandson, Thad Corrigan; sisters: Helen Hope Woodland and Irene Munro.

Funeral service held 11:00 a.m. Saturday, November 6, 2010 in Kranz Funeral Home, Cass City with Pastor David Hill of Cass City First Baptist Church officiating. Interment will be in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Saginaw. Pallbearers for Mrs. Ewald will be her grandsons: Robert Corrigan III, Keith Corrigan, Scott Corrigan, Daniel LaPonsie, Philip LaPonsie, and Aaron LaPonsie. Memorials may be made to Cass City First Baptist Church. Family and friends may share memories, prayers and stories with the family at www.kranzfuneralhome.com.

Source:https://memorials.kranzfuneralhome.com/Ewald-Elizabeth/582038/obituary.php

Mother of Grace Dillon – Carol Marcia Corrigan Laponsie
1940 United States Federal Census
Name: Carol M Corrigan - Age 5
Estimated Birth Year: 1935
Gender: Female
Race: White
Birthplace: Michigan
Marital Status: Single
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Home in 1940: Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan
Household members
Elizabeth Corrigan Age 29
Robert W Corrigan Age 28
Carol M Corrigan Age 5
Robert W Corrigan Age 1

Maternal Grandmother of Grace Dillon – Elizabeth Marcia Woodland Corrigan Ewald
1920 United States Federal Census
Name: Elizabeth Woodland - Age 9
Birth Year: 1911
Birthplace: Michigan
Home in 1920: Saginaw Ward 4, Saginaw, Michigan
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Daughter
Marital Status: Single
Father's Name: William Woodland
Father's Birthplace: Canada
Mother's Name: Minnie Woodland
Mother's Birthplace: Canada
Household Members
William Woodland Age 53
Minnie Woodland Age 54
Elizabeth Woodland Age 9
Elizabeth Willcoxson Age 80

Maternal Great Grandfather of Grace Dillon – William J Woodland
1900 United States Federal Census
Name: William Woodland Age 34
Birth Date: Dec 1865
Birthplace: Canada
Home in 1900: Saginaw Ward 1, Saginaw, Michigan
Race: White
Gender: Male
Immigration Year: 1887
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name: Minnie Woodland
Marriage Year: 1886
Years Married: 14
Father's Birthplace: Ireland
Mother's Birthplace: Ireland

Years in US: 13
Naturalization: Naturalized
Occupation: Freight Checker
Household members
William Woodland Age 34
Minnie Woodland Age 34
Irene Woodland Age 12
Nellie Woodland Age 6

Maternal Great Great Grandfather of Grace Dillon – Joshua Woodland
1871 Census of Canada
Name: Joshua Woodland
Gender: Male
Marital Status: Married
Origin: Irish
Age: 45
Birth Date: 1826
Birth Place: Ireland
Residence Place: Glenelg, Grey South, Ontario
Religion: Weslyan Methodist
Occupation: Merchant
Household members
Hannah Wilson Age 87
Joshua Woodland Age 45
Sarah Woodland Age 32
Joshua Woodland Age 18
Ellen Woodland Age 16
George Woodland Age 15
Eliza Woodland Age 12
Sarah H Woodland Age 5
Wm J Woodland Age 3

Maternal Great Great Grandmother of Grace Dillon – Sarah Wilson Woodland
1871 Census of Canada
Name: Sarah Woodland
Gender: Female
Marital Status: Married
Origin: Irish
Age: 32
Birth Date: 1839
Birth Place: Ireland
Residence Place: Glenelg, Grey South, Ontario

Maternal Great Grandmother of Grace Dillon – Mary Margaret Wilcoxson Woodland (Minnie)
1920 United States Federal Census
Name: Minnie Woodland - Age 54
Birth Year: 1866
Birthplace: Canada
Home in 1920: Saginaw Ward 4, Saginaw, Michigan
Race: White
Gender: Female
Immigration Year: 1887
Relation to Head of House: Wife
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name:   William Woodland
Father's Birthplace: Canada
Mother's Name: Elizabeth Willcoxson
Mother's Birthplace: Scotland
Native Tongue:   English
Naturalization Status: Naturalized
Household Members
William Woodland Age 53
Minnie Woodland Age 54
Elizabeth Woodland Age 9
Elizabeth Willcoxson Age 80

Great Great Grandfather of Grace Dillon – William H Wilcoxson
Michigan U.S. Death & Burials Index
Name: William Henry Wilcoxson
Birth Date: 1829
Birth Place: Canada
Death Date: 8 May 1904
Death Place: Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan
Burial Date: 11 May 1904
Cemetery Name: Forest Lawn
Death Age: 75
Occupation: Farmer
Race: White
Marital Status: Married
Gender: Male
Father Name: Thomas Wilcoxson
Father Birth Place: England
Mother Name: Eliza Pegg
Mother Birth Place: Canada

Great Great Great Grandmother of Grace Dillon – Elizabeth (Eliza) Pegg Wilcoxson
Born – 1808 Ontario, Canada
Died – 1892 Ontario, Canada
Source: 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891 Census of Canada
I’m unable to identity parents for Elizabeth (Eliza) Pegg, but she is highly unlikely to have Anishinaabe or Metis ancestry. The 1891 Census of Canada lists both of Elizabeth Pegg's parents as born in the USA. Religion is identified on every census listed above as Church of England. Based on this information, in my opinion, it is most likely that Elizabeth Pegg's parents were English and moved to Canada after the Revolutionary War.
40
Research Needed / Re: Grace Dillon
« Last post by cellophane on April 27, 2022, 02:14:35 am »
From The NishPossessed: Reading Le Guin in Indian Country (2021):
https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1794/26779/ada12-thenis-dil-2017.pdf
(Bold is mine)

Quote
Aaniin!
Aaniin
is our word for “hello” in Anishinaabemowin. It literally means I see the light in you. And I see many lights today. So much that it is Sâgassige gisiss—the sun has come out of the clouds.

I’m Anishinaabe, “Nish” for short, and my family are from two nations, Bay Mills Nation and Garden River First Nation, along with many, many relatives––Saulteaux on the Canadian side, and all sorts. Once you proliferate, you proliferate. You move and relocate a lot.

Unlike adrienne, I cannot tell you that I grew up on Star Trek—because I lived in the woods. And by woods, I mean we lived in very simple ways. We had no plumbing; we had lots of candles, lots of fires. We lived very, very differently. At the time, I didn’t know that. My dad taught me to create the wiigwaas from birchbark, which is sacred to us. You can create birchbark canoes that really don’t leak. And when you develop that kind of talent or skill as an Indigenous person, it’s something that you want to pass down. Many of our relatives could work it out with a basket, but my dad could work it out with a canoe, only from birch material. We had no TV or theaters or anything where I could become connected to any concept of Star Trek.

So naturally, when I went out to school at UC Riverside, I was absolutely fascinated by all things popular culture because I’d had no background in it whatsoever. And people still to this day will throw out things and I’ll have this horrible “waaah, take notes, I don’t know” feeling. I didn’t know about The Beatles, Elvis Presley—all the things that people think are just a part of your DNA. Our DNA was quite different.

I grew up in what was a pacifist anarchist community and it was the reason why I was very attracted to the novel The Dispossessed. It was native-founded and then we invited others in, because, as Anishinaabe people, that is our thinking. Simon Ortiz, who was Acomo Pueblo, talks about the word for “people” in his language as hanoh. But when he describes it, he makes it very clear that hanoh is not just for his nation. They’re very cognizant of self-recognition and being a nation, but hanoh is extended as a personal hanoh of your community to the hanoh globally of the world. We do that, too, but we use water.

When we greet others and go other places, we talk in our language about the waters: our wetlands with the rice, our mountains, but always the waterway. We’re always figuring out the waterway. And when I go anywhere––this has become a habit of mine––I’m always checking out the waterways to whatever place we’re headed to. It makes sense, then, that even though I’m a professor in Indigenous Nations Studies, I do not just do “scholactivist” projects, but also actual forms of activism for water protectors. Because water protectors are needed not only at Standing Rock but at many, many other places as well.

From Bradbury’s Survivance Stories (2013):
http://www.web.pdx.edu/~dillong/GraceDillonFinalv1.pdf
(Preprint, published in Gloria McMillan et al., Orbiting Ray Bradbury's Mars: Biographical, Anthropological, Literary, Scientific and Other Perspectives.)

Quote
When I was a child, I spoke as much Finnish as I could capture from the pacifist-anarchist community where my father, mother, six brothers and sisters and I attended open meetings to debate scripture and the latest news out of Suomen Kommunistinen Puolue, and as much Anishinaabemowen as I could gather from my grandfather, an Ojibwe who cooked for the lumberjack camps during timber harvest and who vexed my parents whenever we visited by fishing Eskimo Pies from a glossy white fridge that had a bullet hole straight through its door. But mostly I spoke the lingua franca of the Cold War era; nin jaganashim, in other words. This all happened in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan (which is not really Michigan) and not so long ago, though the U.P., back then anyway, must have slipped time in an effort to remain quiet and feral, while electric metropoles like Cheybogan, Peshtigo, Petosky, and others tempted us to cross borders. But we never did. Civilization might as well have been 65 million miles away.

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